Welcome to Astana, one of the most beautiful cities in the world!
Who said that “West is West, East is East, and they will never come together”? Young Kazakhstan capital has debunked this myth. The modern design and Asian color of urban architecture have turned Astana to city with a unique look and style. With its beautiful and high buildings our capital competes with Tokyo, New York and Dubai.
In 1999 Astana was awarded the UNESCO "City of Peace" prize. More than 10 years went by, and young Kazakhstan capital continues to grow and transform, to become more attractive to people of Kazakhstan and foreign guests. You want to travel to Astana, but do not know where to start from? Meet some of the most remarkable places of the capital - Astana – Bayterek monument, Duman recreational centre, Palace of Peace and Harmony (popularly referred to as the “pyramid”), Akorda - the residence of the President of Kazakhstan, Independence Palace, Kazakh Eli monument, the promenade at the right bank of the Ishim river, and other government and public buildings and monuments.
Among architectural complexes of young Kazakhstan capital Eurasian National University named after L. Gumilyov, the outstanding Eurasian scientist and turcologist, occupies a prominent place. History of the University starts in May 1996, when a National University of "Eurasian" type was created in accordance with the decree of the President of Kazakhstan, N. Nazarbayev. Today L. Gumilyov ENU offers to its students the opportunity to actively participate in cultural, social and political life of Astana and Kazakhstan.
Open Astana with the Eurasian National University!
Kazakhstan by my eyes
For short time of residence in Kazakhstan I got acquainted with surprising and original culture of the hospitable Kazakh people.
Kazakhstan is that state in which don't feel the foreigner. Especially for the people who have arrived from Central Asia as destinies of our people have the general ways of development, elements of culture, tradition, a community of religion and language group. Here elements of east and European cultures harmoniously intertwine, and it seems to me, it is a major factor of progressive development of the country as a whole. Therefore in the course of relationship and cooperation in interstate, economic, scientific and cultural spheres always there is a mutual understanding and the tolerance necessary for the country, going confident steps forward, at so high-growth world and a globalization era.
For the passable way of development of the independent Republic of Kazakhstan as it seems to me, it was possible to solve successfully a series of the problems bound to carrying out political and economic transformations, to reach appreciable successes on a way of creation of the democratic state with market economy.
Certainly, Kazakhstan passed the important period of a becoming as the sovereign state. Last year all of us became witnesses of grandiose celebration of the twentieth anniversary, independent history of development of the Republic of Kazakhstan, being accompanied to the entertainment concert shows which have not left anybody indifferent. However it is necessary to remember the way of creation of the new state how was difficult, twisting. And the principle was put in a basis of this construction «all for the person».
As practice showed, such approach to construction of the state was reasonable and yielded the positive fetuses. Kazakhstan achieved larger results in liberalization of political life. Consistently there is a development of democratic institutes, political pluralism and democracy. Extraordinary elections of deputies of Mazhilis of Parliament of RK on January 15, 2011 as a result of which the multi-party parliament in which all main political parties were presented was created became one of striking examples of development of democracy. Elections, according to the majority of the international observers, are recognized as the taken place.
In sovereign political history of Kazakhstan elections of 2012 will have in some way special value. First of all as testimony of sufficient political capacity for acting of the power and at the same time as next certificate of a political incompetence of her opponents. Elections became those a boundary on which the power passed check on the real durability that looked especially actual in a context “the Arab spring” which from any giving of experts is surveyed as a certain forerunner of tectonic shifts in the region of Central Asia.
In the foreign policy, Kazakhstan successfully develops both bilateral, and multilateral international cooperation, consistently supports integration strengthening within the CIS, EurAsEC, EEP, SCO and ODKB, actively cooperates with the international community within the United Nations, OSCE and other international organizations.
Being one of initiators of creation of the Shanghai Organization of Cooperation (SCO), the author of convocation of Meeting on interaction and trust measures in Asia, and also carrying out in Astana already two congresses of world and traditional religions, Kazakhstan makes a powerful contribution to strengthening of tolerance, an interfaith and international consent in society, in peacekeeping and stability in the region.
RK is the peaceful state, closing of the Semipalatinsk nuclear range and acceptance of the status of the denuclearized state was the certificate of that. During the Global summit which has passed in April, 2010 on nuclear safety in Washington the U.S. President B. Obama called N.A.Nazarbayev «the leader of the international process of non-proliferation». It is absolutely objective assessment of that contribution, which Kazakhstan and its President brought and continue to bring in business of nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation. The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty was and remains a cornerstone of the international security, and refusal of it would mean a collapse of all this system.
Kazakhstan carries out a lot of work in development of dialogue of civilizations, tolerances, strengthening of interethnic and interreligious dialogue. In Kazakhstan passed three congresses of world traditional religions. For carrying out the second congress even the special building with the symbolical name - peace and harmony Pyramid was constructed.
Important milestone in policy of the Republic of Kazakhstan was carrying out in Astana such important historical event as OSCE. For the first time in 10 years the summit of such level with participation of heads of states of 70 countries was carried out. Kazakhstan proved as the supporter of active participation in the solution of problems of the international security, development of multilateral cooperation and mutually advantageous integration.
Kazakhstan stored wide organizational and political experience of the management by multilateral structures (the CIS, SCO, OES, EurAsEC) that allowed it to cope successfully with presidency in OSCE, having led it at the top level.
In the world community the contribution of Kazakhstan to ensuring global and regional security, strengthening of a regimen of non-proliferation and disarmament, support of efforts on situation normalization in Afghanistan, Iraq, and fight against terrorism, and counteraction to religious extremism, development of dialogue of civilizations, cultures and religions is highly appreciated.
Larger successes for years of independence reached Kazakhstan and in the economic policy. Kazakhstan started formation of national economy in the conditions of a sharp rupture of economic communications there is no time a uniform economic complex. For today in the country, structural reforms in economy are generally complete: privatization of state ownership is carried out, the economic medium adequate to standards of the developed market is created. Kazakhstan among the first participating states of the CIS is recognized as the developed states the country with market economy.
In Kazakhstan the Program of industrial and innovative development of the country till 2015, providing development not raw sectors of economy is realized, target state programs in various spheres are successfully carried out. These are programs: constructions of housing and roads, developments of the village, construction of the new capital – the cities of Astana, health care and some other.
Reforming of social infrastructure proceeds. Reforms in health system and social security are carried out. The accumulative pension system in which pension funds it is already accumulated more than 5,1 billion dollars also successfully works.
The given examples rather visually characterize scales, rates and prospects of social and economic development of Kazakhstan. The reached successes are good base for further economic body height, achievement by the country of even more ambitious purposes put in the Message of the President of RK of N.A.Nazarbayev to the people of Kazakhstan, – to achieve within 10 years of occurrence of Kazakhstan in number of 50 most competitive countries of the world.
«Kazakhstan is on a way of the accelerated economic, social and political modernization», - is told in the Message of the president of the Republic of Nursultan Abishevich Nazarbayev to the people of Kazakhstan.
Despite difficult process of economic development, I believe that thanks to a wise and forward-looking policy of the Head of state, inexhaustible potential of the Kazakh people and a stock of natural resources Kazakhstan has prospects to enter into number of the advanced states.
Considerably cultural life of the country changed also, the certificate of that are those transformations which we can observe at this stage of development of the country. In days of independence before the state there were objectives in the field of cultural development. Adoption of law about tongues and the relevant articles of the Constitution allowed beginning revival of national education. As the state program of functioning and development of tongues" is valid from 1998 ". I consider, development of these projects in education will increase interest of modern youth to sources of the Kazakh national culture, literature and art.
The World of the Kazakhs which gathered in September, 1992 and has united to known writers, poets, scientific, public and religious figures from all over the world became an important event in cultural life of Kazakhstan.
Were developed the State program of support of culture on 1998-2000gg. Concept of development and support of theatrical activity in RK. The program of development of cultural infrastructure of the city of Almaty to 2005г. Presentation of the Kazakhstan culture on the world scene the International festivals of traditional music, theater, the ballet «A tradition prize», classical art of the Eurasian countries, national creativity "Nauryz" promoted. The tradition of carrying out Days of culture revived. The wide international resonance was received by celebration of anniversary actions devoted to M. Auyezov's 100 anniversary. 2000 was defined by the decree of the president, how year of support of culture.
According to the decree of the president the events referred on conservation, development, multiplication of historical and cultural values of the country, revival of nice traditions and names, identification of new talents and strengthening of material resources of the spiritual sphere were held. Since 2000 monuments of Karasay and Agyntay batyrs in Northern Kazakhstan, to the Sultan Beybarsu, Kurmangaza and Dean Nurpeisova in Atyrau, Abayu in Astana and to Taras Shevchenko in Almaty were open. S. Mukanov, Iza Bayzakova, B. Momushyla, Zhuban, Moldogaliyev's anniversaries are held.
Speaking about culture of the Kazakh people, it would be desirable to give an example legend which has very pleasant to me about an unearthly, supernatural parentage of music, singing. She tells that the divine song soaring highly in a palate, flying by over the great steppe of Kazakh nomads, fell very low therefore the people which have heard it, are by nature allocated with larger musical gift and abilities. And in the people speak: «God enclosed in soul of each Kazakh a particle of kyui from the moment of his birth».
Continuing a culture subject, undoubtedly, it is necessary to allocate a theatrical path. Being the viewer of one of statements I was impressed with highly professional game of actors. In spite of the fact that performance went in the Kazakh tongue, transfer it was not required, as actors transferred all color of the Kazakh culture.
For years of independence Kazakhstan managed to reach much. It was possible to solve successfully a series of the problems bound to carrying out political and economic transformations, to reach appreciable successes on a way of creation of the democratic state with market economy. Today experts tell developments about «the Kazakhstan way», following to which Kazakhstan became objectively to one of the most safe countries on space of the CIS.
And the big future because there live people, with huge potential by which the high purposes for the good of the Kazakh people, Homeland and world peace prosperity are set seems to me at Kazakhstan.